The Brazilian Naval School is an Academy of the Brazilian Navy, the Brazilian equivalent of the US Naval Academy, located in Rio de Janeiro, on Villegagnon Island just inside of Guanabara Bay. The Brazilian Naval Academy is an institution of higher education, which aims to train officers of the Brazilian Navy.HistoryThe Brazilian Naval School has its direct origins in the Portuguese Naval Academy created in Lisbon, Portugal in the 18th century.In 1782, the Company of Midshipmen (Companhia dos Guardas-Marinhas) was created to frame and train the midshipmen (naval officer candidates) of the Portuguese Navy. The Company of Midshipmen was installed in the building of the Naval Arsenal of Lisbon.The Royal Academy of the Midshipmen (Academia Real dos Guardas-Marinhas) was created in 1792, as an university-level naval academy. This Academy integrated the already existing Company of Midshipmen as its student corps.In 1807, the Army of Napoleon invaded Portugal. In order not to be captured by the Napoleonic forces and maintain the independence of the Kingdom, the Portuguese Royal Court and government are transferred to the Portuguese colony of Brazil, continuing to rule from there. The Royal Academy of the Midshipmen and its Company of Midshipmen also embark in the naval fleet that carries the Royal Court to Brazil and are installed in Rio de Janeiro, in 1808.
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