Exeter College Bar

<p><b>Exeter College</b> is one of the <a href="/pages/w/108301709191398">constituent colleges</a> of the <a href="/pages/w/106107746087932">University of Oxford</a> in England and the fourth oldest college of the University.</p><p>The college is located on <a href="/pages/w/115320751817092">Turl Street</a>, where it was originally founded in 1314 by Devon-born <a href="/pages/w/135544243142565">Walter de Stapeldon</a>, <a href="/pages/w/144319062245366">Bishop of Exeter</a>, as a school to educate clergymen. From its foundation Exeter was popular with the sons of the Devonshire gentry and has been associated with a number of distinguished personages, including the writer <a href="/pages/w/111088368911577">J.R.R. Tolkien</a>.</p><p>As of 2012, the college had an estimated <a href="/pages/w/111147872239875">financial endowment</a> of £48.7 million.</p><h2>History</h2><p>Still situated in its original location in <a href="/pages/w/115320751817092">Turl Street</a>, Exeter College was founded in 1314 by <a href="/pages/w/135544243142565">Walter de Stapeldon</a> of <a href="/pages/w/107892202572420">Devon</a>, Bishop of <a href="/pages/w/112266898784947">Exeter</a> and later treasurer to <a href="/pages/w/136950239660532">Edward II</a>, as a school to educate clergy. During its first century, it was known as <i>Stapeldon Hall</i> and was significantly smaller, with just twelve to fourteen students. The college grew significantly from the 15th century onward, and began offering rooms to its students. The College motto is "Floreat Exon.", meaning "Let Exeter Flourish".</p><p>In the 16th century, donations from <a href="/pages/w/132109676826081">Sir William Petre</a> (whose daughter <a href="/pages/w/138071189556251">Dorothy Wadham</a> (1534–1618) co-founded <a href="/pages/w/104095166294015">Wadham College, Oxford</a>), assumed to be an Exeter graduate, helped to expand and transform the college. <a href="/pages/w/165634413501080">Sir John Acland</a> (d.1620), a Devonshire gentleman, donated £800 which largely financed the building of a new dining hall, and also established two scholarships for poor students, the first to be created at the college. In a clever move by the bursar to fill the new buildings as they were completed, a significant number of noble Roman Catholic students were invited to enrol and take classes at the enlarged college; however, they were not allowed to <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matriculate%23United_Kingdom" class="wikipedia">matriculate</a>. As a result, over time, Exeter College became one of the leading colleges in the University.</p>

Exeter College Bar

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