at 1 Cyclotron Rd, Berkeley, 94720 United States
The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, commonly referred to as Berkeley Lab, is a United States national laboratory located in the Berkeley Hills near Berkeley, California that conducts scientific research on behalf of the United States Department of Energy . It is managed and operated by the University of California, The laboratory overlooks University of California, Berkeley's main campus.HistoryThe laboratory was founded in 1931 as the Radiation Laboratory of the University of California, associated with the Physics Department, on August 26 by Ernest Lawrence. It centered physics research around his new instrument, the cyclotron, a type of particle accelerator for which he won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1939. Throughout the 1930s, Lawrence pushed to create larger and larger machines for physics research, courting private philanthropists for funding. After the laboratory was scooped on a number of fundamental discoveries that they felt they ought to have made, the "cyclotroneers" began to collaborate more closely with the department's theoretical physicists, led by Robert Oppenheimer. The lab moved to its site on the hill above campus in 1940 as its machines, specifically the 184in cyclotron, became too large for the university grounds.
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Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley scientists are pursuing new experiments to probe for low-mass dark matter particles.
The new approach, rather than relying on large experiments’ “nets” to try to snare one type of dark matter, is akin to casting many smaller nets with much finer mesh.
Berkeley Lab researchers have developed a new chemical separation method that is vastly more efficient than conventional processes, opening the door to faster discovery of new elements, easier nuclear fuel reprocessing, and, most tantalizing, a better way to attain actinium-225, a promising therapeutic isotope for cancer treatment.
The overpumping of groundwater in California has led to near environmental catastrophe in some areas – sinking land, intruding seawater, and shrunken groundwater storage capacity.
But Berkeley Lab researchers believe machine learning could be part of the solution to restoring groundwater to sustainable levels and quality.
Fourteen scientists and engineers will join the prestigious Cyclotron Road program for a two-year fellowship based at Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley.
With access to world-class scientists and research facilities, fellows will define optimal paths for turning their science into value for industry, national security, and society.
Methane, a potent greenhouse gas, is commonly released from rice fields, dairies, landfills, and oil and gas facilities – all of which are plentiful in California.
Now Berkeley Lab has been awarded $6 million by the state to find “super emitters” of methane in an effort to quantify and potentially mitigate methane emissions.