Tachikawa is a city located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, in the central Kantō region of Japan., the city had an estimated population of 180,967 and a population density of 7430 persons per km². Its total area was 24.36sqkm.GeographyTachikawa is located on the Musashino Terrace of western Tokyo, approximately 40 km west of the center of Tokyo. The Tama River flows between Tachikawa and the neighboring city of Hino. The Tamagawa-jousui (Tamagawa Aqueduct) flows north of the city, with a great promenade on both banks.Surrounding municipalitiesTokyo MetropolisKunitachiHinoAkishimaKokubunjiMushimurayamaHigashiyamatoKodairaFussaHistoryThe area of present-day Tachikawa was part of ancient Musashi Province. In the post-Meiji Restoration cadastral reform of July 22, 1878, the area became part of Kitatama District in Kanagawa Prefecture. The village of Tachikawa was created on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of municipalities law. Kitatama District was transferred to the administrative control of Tokyo Metropolis on April 1, 1893. Tachikawa Airfield Was established in 1922 by the Imperial Japanese Army, and Tachikawa was elevated to town status the following year. On December 1, 1940 Tachikawa was elevated to city status.
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