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News from The Western Front Association (WFA). The WFA was formed in 1980 to further interest and education in The Great War of 1914-1918.
Understanding the Great War 1914-18
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August Summary Some of the topics the WFA will be covering day by day in a little more detail this coming month: August 1915 Monthly summary British shipping was sunk at an alarming rate. Some British submarines have their own successes, but many are also lost. The length of the Western Front for the BEF, French and Italians there were local gains and losses, with the allies generally faring worse. Hooge was a BEF sticking point, which the BEF gained, lost, then retrieved. The Germans made further progress in the East, surrounding Warsaw which was evacuated. Northern Rhodesia was reinforced. There are both BEF and French bombardments off the Turkish coast. Edith Cavell was arrested. Germans and Austrians continued their gains in the East. 6th-8th saw large allied movements in Gallipoli, followed by Turkish reinforcements and setbacks. There were Zeppelin raids on Yorkshire, Suffolk and over Dover on the 9th, repeated over London, Kent and Essex on the 17th. The Germans used similar Zeppelin raids over Novo-Georgievsk and Brest-Litovsk in the East on the 10th. Deportations of Armenians continue with the Urfa massacre reported on the 19th. An Austrian seaplane bombed Venice on the 15th and indeed, increasingly larger planes were being gradually brought into regular service by all sides for deeper bombing raids. Kovno fell to Mackensen's army on the 17th. 19th was a bad day for the tonnage and types of vessels sunk by U-boats including the White Star SS Arabia which included American passengers heading for New York. Not all went Germany's way as on the 20th they attempted landing at Pernau, North of Riga, and were surprised by a Russian torpedo boat and all troops were captured or killed. On the 21st the British and French declared cotton an 'absolute contraband.' Gallipoli attacks with few exceptions were repeatedly reported as failures. By the 26th, after a written apology regarding the SS Arabia, Count Bernstorff was in Washington to reassure Americans that U-boats had been ordered not to attack passenger ships. Towards the end of the month the French made a few gains in Alsace as did the Italians in the Julian Alps. On 31st French airman Pegoud was killed while the Turkish Talaat Pasha informs Germany through Prince Hohenlohe that the Armenian question 'no longer exists.'
Royal Naval submarines often worked in tandem with converted decoy trawlers to 'attract' then destroy German U-boats. On this day 100 years ago they had a success. http://westernfrontassociation.com/the-great-war/diary-of-the-great-war/diary-of-the-great-war-for-1915/4946-20-july-1915-hms-c27.html#sthash.7ZF04ysz.hlsTTEV8.dpbs