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When your cat has ear mites, can you catch them when your cat sleeps with you? Fortunately for humans, the answer to this question is "No." You can’t catch ear mites from your cat — but the other cats and dogs in your household can. Ear mites — tiny parasites that hang out in the ear canal and feast on wax and oil—are most common in kittens and in pets that go outside. An infected cat might shake her head and scratch, and her ears will likely display a black secretion. You might even notice an odor. A definitive diagnosis will come from your vet, who can swab the ears and use a microscope to spot the mites and prescribe drops or a topical ointment to resolve the issue. Washing your linens, her own cat bed and the carrier you used to take her to the vet also is advised.
Cat Diseases Cats are subject to gum disease and to dental caries. One of the most common problems in any cat breed is that some will show signs of oral disease by the time they reach three years of age, or even sooner. Many veterinarians recommend that you should brush your cat's teeth several times a week, preferably every day, beginning when she is a kitten. Get your cat used to the flavor of the cat toothpaste for a couple of days first before trying to brush her teeth. A finger brush will do fine. It is also a good idea to feed your cat with foods and treats, that control plaque and tartar. Upper respiratory disease Cats can get upper respiratory bacterial and viral infections - in other words, colds. Upper respiratory disease will manifest itself in your cat by cold or flu-like symptoms, like a runny nose and sneezing combined with reddened, runny eyes. If your cat is coughing or wheezing, or has persistent discharge from her eyes or nose, she needs to see a veterinarian. Acne Cats can get acne. If you see little pimples on your cat's chin, they may be a reaction to plastic dishes. Switch to stainless steel or ceramic bowls, and dab the acne daily with a cotton ball soaked with a little peroxide until it disappears. Worms At some point in your cat’s life, she may have a problem with internal parasites. The more common internal parasites are known as worms. The worms can enter the animal’s body by ingestion, absorption or the worms are passed from the mother to the kitten before the kitten is born. These parasites may cause diarrhea, vomiting, depression, and loss of appetite or loss of weight. Most internal parasites are found in the bowel but not all. Not all internal parasites are worms. A cat with worms needs to see a veterinarian. Don't rely on over-the-counter worming medications, because they are not always effective, and may not even be intended for the specific parasites that are plaguing your cat. Fleas Cats, like humans, can suffer from a wide range of allergies. The most common allergy among cats is flea allergy. Fleas are wingless parasites that like to suck the blood of your cat so that they can lay their eggs. The worst time of year for fleas is usually between the months of May through November. In warmer climates, the flea season is longer. Cats usually get fleas from coming into contact with other animals that have fleas or an environment infested with fleas. Fleas are not host specific. They can jump several inches onto a new host. If you suspect your cat has fleas, check her for flea dirt. Flea dirt is actually flea feces, made up mainly of blood sucked from the pet that is eliminated through the flea's digestive system as dried blood. If you spray the flea dirt with water and it turns bloody, your pet has fleas and immediate attention is required. Not only must you treat your cat, but also your house. As cats get older, their sensitivity to flea bites increases. Vomit Some cats vomit all the time, while others rarely do. One of the most common reasons for vomiting is hairballs. To check to see if your cat has vomited as a result of hairballs, examine the vomit carefully for small grayish pellets or lumps, regardless of your cat's hair color. Hairballs can occur even with shorthair cats. Another reason for vomiting might be that your cat is allergic to her food. Try switching to another brand with substantially different ingredients and no food colorings to see if that helps. Diarrhea If your cat has persistent diarrhea, you can try changing her diet. You can try boiled rice, cottage cheese, bread, plain yoghurt, boiled chicken, chicken broth or strained meat. Choose the ones your cat prefers. If symptoms continue for more than two days, take your cat to the vet with a stool sample. Feline Urinary Syndrome Feline urinary syndrome, or FUS, is an inflammation, irritation, and/or obstruction of the lower urinary tract. The inability to pass urine can become a life and death situation if not treated quickly. FUS is far more common among male cats than females. Your cat might have FUS if she strains to urinate, has blood in the urine, makes frequent trips to the litter box with only small amounts voided, or forgets how to use the litterbox. Diabetes Diabetes occurs in cats that cannot properly regulate their blood sugar level. Symptoms may include excessive thirst and urination, loss of weight or obesity. Older cats are more likely to develop diabetes than younger ones. Diabetic cats should be kept indoors to prevent accidental feeding that could elevate its blood sugar. Poisonous Plants You like plants and so does your cat...only for different reasons. Cats are frequently fascinated with house plants and their attention can range from chewing on the plant leaves to using your plant as a litter box. There are some common houseplants and garden plants that contain toxic substances. SEe Curious cats may find these plants attractive and decide to chew on the leaves or flowers. To discourage chewing, try spraying cayenne pepper on the leaves. For digging or urinating in the plant soil, try covering the dirt with aluminum foil or gravel. If by chance your cat has ingested a toxic plant, determine which plant was eaten and call your veterinarian immediately. A healthy cat should see the veterinarian once a year for a check-up.
R.I.P my little brother Cain, we are back together again xx
R.I.P Afia up with angels now xx
We were so very close, we two but I had to let you go I hope that you can understand it was because I loved you so. No more pain, no aching limbs no earthly ties that bind No dimming eyes, no sleepless nights you’ve left them all behind I lost you many months ago, and gained a broken heart Yet I feel you close to me although we are apart Sometimes when I’m all alone, I feel you by my side, As if to try and comfort me, through all the nights I’ve cried I thought I saw you here today, out the corner of my eye, Felt soft ginger fur against my skin, heard the faintest sigh.
“Beyond The Rainbow” As much as I loved the life we had and all the times we played, I was so very tired and knew my time on earth would fade. I saw a wondrous image then of a place that's trouble-free Where all of us can meet again to spend eternity. I saw the most beautiful Rainbow, and on the other side Were meadows rich and beautiful -- lush and green and wide! And running through the meadows as far as the eye could see Were animals of every sort as healthy as could be! My own tired, failing body was fresh and healed and new And I wanted to go run with them, but I had something left to do. I needed to reach out to you, to tell you I'm alright That this place is truly wonderful, then a bright Glow pierced the night. 'Twas the Glow of many Candles shining bright and strong and bold And I knew then that it held your love in its brilliant shades of gold. For although we may not be together in the way we used to be, We are still connected by a cord that no eye can see. So whenever you need to find me, we're never far apart If you look beyond the Rainbow and listen with your heart.
World Animal Day Each year 4 October is World Animal Day! These 24 hours are the chance to give back and celebrate animal life in all its shapes and sizes, from mice to elephants, and recognise the positive influence they have on our lives. This special day was established in 1931 by ecologists in Florence in Italy and has now spread around the world, celebrating not just endangered and rare species, but all kinds of animal life. And the date 4 October is no coincidence - it is the same day as the Feast Day of St Francis of Assisi, the patron saint of animals. There are lots of ways to get involved on World Animal Day, like donating tins of cat and dog food to local shelters or adopt an animal. Schools can organise trips to shelters and farms, and in the workplace, why not try a Bring Your Dog to Work Day? You could even organise an animal related quiz night to raise money for animal charities. The official World Animal Day website, has loads of ideas to get you started and going wild for wildlife on World Animal Day!
Lily toxicity in cats Lily toxicity is a devestating toxicity which often affects young cats. Despite aggressive treatment, many cats die. The leaves and flowers from plants of the lily (Liliaceae) family including Asian, Day, Easter, Glory, Japanese Show, Peace, Red, Rubrum, Stargaszer, Tiger and Wood lilies are highly toxic to cats. For some reason cats, especially young cats are prone to ingesting them and becoming intoxicated. All parts of the plant are considered toxic including flowers, leaves, pollen and the stems. Only small amounts of the plant are required to cause toxicity. Even a kitten mouthing a plant should be considered a serious and potentially fatal ingestion. If you keep cats you should never have lilies in your house or garden. Ingestion can lead to acute kidney or renal failure which can be life threatening. Signs of lily toxicity usually start within several hours of exposure and include depression, anorexia and vomiting. Within 24-72 hours acute kidney or renal failure can develop which causes abdominal (kidney) pain and a marked reduction in urine production or complete cessation of production. With time they will become increasingly depressed. This is a life threatening condition and even with the most aggressive treatment many cats die from this. If you suspect that your cat has, or even MAY have ingested any lilies or is suffering from lily toxicity you should take them to your veterinarian immediately as early detection and treatment is vital. If there is going to be a delay you should start decontamination procedures such as vomiting as outlined in First Aid for Cats. If your cat has recently ingested Peace Lilies (aka White Lilies) you should not induce vomiting, instead administer a small amount of milk or yoghurt and take it to your veterinarian immediately. ● If you have a cat, do NOT keep lilies in your house or garden ● All parts of the lily plant are toxic. Even a tiny amount can be fatal as it can cause acute kidney or renal failure ● If you suspect lily toxicity, take your cat straight to your veterinarian Thank you to Dr Justin Wimpole for the information provided in this article. All cat owners should buy a copy of his book, First Aid For Cats which has simple instructions about what to do in an emergency situation.
R.I.P Sasha my sister xx
R.I.P Zack see you soon xxxxxx
Thinking of my brother Tigger
Thinking of my brother Tibby :(
Trevor says be careful this Christmas with your plants and decoration :)
Home Cat Articles Cat Health Cat Care Cat Breed Profiles Toileting Problems Services Forums Cat World > Cat Care > More ... > Cat Christmas Safety - Tips To Keep Your Cat Safe 18 Cat Christmas Safety - Tips To Keep Your Cat Safe Christmas is an exciting time for the family, but it always pays to take some extra precautions with our pets. There are many dangers around, below are some suggestions on how to ensure your cat stays safe during the Christmas period. Christmas Tree/Decorations The only fool proof way to keep your cat away from your Christmas tree is to put the tree in a room the cat can't access. Unfortunately, this is often not practical. So the next best solution is to make the tree as safe as possible. Real Christmas trees are more dangerous to cats than fake plastic ones. Pine needles can puncture internal organs if eaten, they are also toxic to cats. If you do have a real tree, make sure the drink stand has plenty of water to prevent the tree drying out & losing needles. It is important that your cat isn't able to get to this water & drink it as it could result in poisoning. Ensure the tree has a good solid base so it won't easily be knocked over by your cat. Try not to have the tree near furniture & or shelves which the cats could use to jump onto the tree. Be careful with tinsel, if you must have it on your tree, place it at the top of the tree where the cat is less likely to be able to get at it. Tinsel can be caught around the base or move down to the intestines & stomach & cause a blockage, which will result in emergency (and costly) surgery to remove it. A safer alternative are the strands of beads. Ornaments should be securely attached to the tree to prevent them being knocked off. Also place delicate ornaments up high where they're less likely to be knocked off & broken. When there is nobody around, unplug Christmas lights, you may want to try applying a cat repellent such as bitter apple to the lights to deter your cat from chewing the wires, obviously if this was to happen it could cause a fatal electric shock. Artificial snow is toxic to cats, so is best avoided. Candles are especially popular over the Christmas holiday period, be careful to make sure your cat can't get close to lit candles. Please note, your cat isn't a novelty item & it's dangerous to try & decorate your cat with ribbons etc. Plants Holly, mistletoe, poinsettias are all popular plants to have in the home at Christmas, especially in the northern hemisphere. These plants are toxic to cats so should be placed where your cat can't get to them. Please see our page on common household toxins for an extensive list on toxic & non toxic plants. Food/Sweets/Chocolate Many cat owners enjoy giving their cat the occasional treat of "human" food & generally this doesn't harm the cat. However, it is important to remember that some foods which are fine for humans to eat can be toxic to cats. The odd sliver of chicken or turkey (off the bone) is fine, however it really isn't a good idea to give them large quantities of such food as this can lead to gastrointestinal problems. Never give your cat cooked chicken or turkey bones, these bones can splinter & can become lodged in your cat's throat or puncture the intestines & stomach. Chocolate is toxic to cats, the darker the chocolate, the more toxic. Chocolate contains both caffeine & theobromine, which are both toxic. If you suspect your cat has eaten chocolate watch for signs of restlessness & vomiting, if in doubt, see your vet. Cats will often scavenge for food in the garbage so be aware that if you've covered your turkey with foil & thrown it in the bin, your cat may drag it out & chew on it which could make the cat sick. Cooked turkey bones will also attract your cat. Be aware of this & if possible, take your food scraps etc., to your outside bin.
I Am Not There Do not stand at my grave and weep, I am not there. I do not sleep. I am a thousand winds that blow. I am the diamond glints on snow. I am the sunlight on ripened grain. I am the gentle autumn's rain. When you awaken in the morning's hush, I am the swift uplifting rush of quiet birds in circled flight. I am the soft stars that shine at night. Do not stand at my grave and cry, I am not there, I did not die.
You want to keep your feline healthy and frisky and you know that good nutrition is essential. But what makes a cat food healthy? And of all the brands on the market, is there one that’s best for your pet? Here’s what you need to know. Taking Care of a Kitten What cats really need. Cats are meat eaters. They require two to three times the protein that omnivores, such as dogs or humans, do. As strict carnivores, cats rely mainly on nutrients found in animals -- high protein, moderate fat, and minimal carbohydrates -- to meet their nutritional needs. Cats’ bodies are adapted for metabolizing animal protein and fats. And animal-based proteins also contain complete amino acids -- such as taurine, arginine, cysteine, and methionine. These are essential for cats, whose bodies don't make them in adequate amounts. Although carbohydrates provide energy, cats use them less efficiently as an energy source. Their bodies need a steady release of glucose from protein. Fat, the most concentrated form of energy, helps cats absorb fat-soluble vitamins and provides essential fatty acids that cats can't make well. These include omega-6 fatty acids and omega-3 fatty acids. For good nutrition, cats also need vitamins, such as A, B, D, E, and K, as well as minerals, including calcium and phosphorus. In general, store-bought cat food consists of water, proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals. . In addition, cat food often contains byproducts of animals or plants, the parts that people don’t normally eat. But how close your cat’s diet comes to that of its feral cousins depends on what formula the manufacturer uses. Which is better, dry cat food or canned? Controversy surrounds cat nutrition, just as it does human nutrition. And few topics garner more attention than the canned vs. dry food debate. Jennifer Larsen is a nutritional consultant and assistant professor of clinical nutrition at the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital at the University of California, Davis. She says that a high-quality brand of cat food -- either wet or dry -- can be nutritionally complete. However, Larsen says, "Some cats benefit from the higher moisture content of wet food, which makes their urine more dilute. But most cats do fine on dry. It’s an issue of personal preference." Other veterinarians draw a line in the sand on this subject. Among them is Lisa A. Pierson, a practicing veterinarian in Lomita, Calif. Pierson has three concerns about dry food -- moisture, carbohydrates, and type of protein. "By and large, the canned food is going to have more meat, more protein from animals," Pierson says. "In the dry food, a lot is often coming from plants." Mindy Bough, a certified veterinary technician, says you should avoid foods with very high percentages of carbohydrates because they may lack necessary fats and proteins.
Osteoarthritis in cats diagnosis and treatment It is well recognised that as humans get older they are likely to suffer from joint pain caused by osteoarthritis. It is also well known that older dogs suffer from joint discomfort and vets are familiar with the medication dispensed to relieve their pain. However until recently, feline osteoarthritis (OA) has not been commonly diagnosed or treated mainly due to the cats' survival instinct to hide signs of pain and the lack of recognition of the condition by owners and veterinary surgeons. Incidence of osteoarthritis in cats Due to the challenges of diagnosing arthritis in cats, it can be difficult to tell how many cats are affected. However, recent studies looking at radiographs of older cats produced startling results. Ninety per cent of cats over 12 had evidence of degenerative joint disease (Hardie et al, 2002). This study and others suggest that osteoarthritis is very common in older cats and therefore is being under-diagnosed. What causes osteoarthritis? Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis in which the normal cartilage that cushions the joint is worn away, exposing the bone and resulting in discomfort. OA can be primary or secondary to a joint injury or abnormality as described below. Primary OA occurs in previously normal joints that have not suffered a specific injury and is the most common form seen in older cat, the cause of which is not clearly understood. There are some factors that can contribute to the development of OA. These include: Genetics: certain breeds appear to be predisposed to developing arthritis due to various underlying joint problems, for example hip dysplasia in Maine Coons and patella luxation in the Abyssinian. Scottish Folds are particularly prone to OA affecting multiple joints and Burmese cats are thought to suffer with elbow arthritis more than other breeds Injury causing abnormal joint loading: fractures, dislocations and other injuries can cause the joint to be used differently and result in secondary OA of the affected joint Obesity: obesity does not cause arthritis but it will exacerbate the condition Acromegaly: this unusual hormonal disease results in diabetes mellitus and some cats also develop arthritic joints What are the signs of osteoarthritis? The most obvious sign of arthritis is joint pain, with the most commonly affected joints being the elbows, stifles (knees) and hips. However, this is where the problem arises; cats are the masters of hiding discomfort and do not demonstrate the obvious signs of pain. They are not taken for walks like dogs and restrict their own activity to minimise the use of the sore joints. They also tend not to show the same obvious signs of pain as other species (e.g. vocalising), exhibiting more 'passive' behaviour to disguise pain. Signs of pain in cats that owners may observe and report to the vet include the following: Reduced mobility Reluctance to jump up or down from furniture Sleeping in different, easier to access sites Difficulty using the cat flap Lameness or stiff/stilted gait – this is relatively uncommon as often multiple joints are affected and so the lameness is disguised Litter tray accidents, missing the tray, reluctance to climb into high sided trays Changes in grooming behaviour Matted and scurfy coat Overgrooming painful joints Temperament changes Reduced interaction, eg, lack of response to petting Lack of tolerance of handling, children, other pets Changes in activity level Playing and going outside less frequently Not hunting or exploring the outdoor environment as frequently Overgrown claws due to lack of activity Figure1. A cat's elbow affected by severe OA On examination affected cats may demonstrate discomfort and resist palpation and movement of the affected joints. The joints may feel firm and swollen. Orthopaedic examination can be challenging in cats, as they are often reluctant to walk normally in a consulting room. Using 'Cat Friendly Practice' principles and not rushing will help the cat relax and behave more normally, facilitating a more rewarding examination. The next step in the diagnosis involves radiography (figure 1). Ideally two views are taken of the affected joints and changes include the formation of new bone around the joint margins (the bodies attempt to ‘stabilise’ the joint). Sclerosis (thickening) of the underlying bone and narrowing of the joint space are also observed. Further laboratory tests are not usually required to diagnose osteoarthritis, however as affected cats tend to be older and may have more than one disease (see later), a full investigation should be performed before prescribing medication. Management of the arthritic cat Treating arthritis in cats doesn't start and finish with a pill or potion. Home comforts and management adjustments are vital to the improving the cats' quality of life and can be just as important as medications. Easy home and management adjustments for the arthritic cat Provide soft beds for sore joints in easily accessible, quiet places (figure 2) Place beds in quiet, draft free areas of the house Igloo beds or cardboard boxes can make an older cat feel warm and secure Provide 'steps' up to higher sites, eg, the sofa, the cat flap Tie the cat flap open so the cat doesn’t need to push through Always have a litter tray inside and use a low sided version or cut out the sides to make it easy for arthritic cats to climb in Use different types of litter that are softer for sore feet Make sure food and water are easily accessible, at floor level or with steps up to higher levels Put food, water and litter trays on one level to avoid the cat having to go up and down stairs Radiator beds are popular but again arthritic cats will need help to get into them, other warming devices such as wheat bags can help but electrical devices should be used only when the cat is monitored Arthritic cats may need extra grooming and help cleaning eyes and perineal region Overgrown claws need regular cutting Figure 2 - A soft, warm bed is vital for the cat with OA Nutritional management and nutraceuticals Obesity will exacerbate OA and so should be avoided. Obese cats need careful diet changes supervised by a veterinary surgeon. Overweight cats need to lose weight slowly and changes may take several months. Rapid weight loss can result in metabolic problems such as hepatic lipidosis when a large amount of fat accumulates in the liver. Several dietary supplements and diets are available for cats with OA containing combinations of essential fatty acids (EFAs) (to reduce inflammation), natural glycosaminoglycans (to help improve cartilage quality), anti-oxidants (reduced free-radical damage), methionine, manganese and selenium (to assist cartilage synthesis) (Hills j/d). Nutraceuticals Chondroitin and glucosamine supplements are available for cats. The affects are unproven but they have been shown to be effective in dogs, horses and people and so may be beneficial. They may help in early or mild cases but are not likely to be enough alone in more severe cases. Medical treatment Medications can be very effective at controlling pain but should only be used once the cat has been fully assessed for their general health and the presence of other diseases. Most cats with arthritis are geriatric and so commonly suffer concurrent disease. Ideally cats should have a full biochemistry profile (to check liver and kidney function), haematology (red and white blood cell counts), and urinalysis. If this is cost prohibitive the minimum database should include a biochemistry profile and urinalysis, specifically specific gravity (concentrating ability). The most common medication used and the only medication to have a license for the treatment of chronic pain caused by OA in cats is meloxicam (Metacam; Boehringer-Ingelheim). This drug is very effective for treating pain but should be avoided in cats with kidney problems, liver problems, vomiting/diarrhoea or any cat that is dehydrated or has low blood pressure (hypotension). The lowest effective dose should be used and the drug is ideally given with food. Maximising water intake is important in all older cats (to prevent dehydration and urinary problems) and this is especially true of cats receiving meloxicam (water fountains, wet food diet etc). Alternative drugs have been used including opioids (buprenorphine which can be given sublingually, tramadol) and gabapentin. These drugs are not licensed for use in cats with osteoarthritis and so have not been closely studied. Anecdotal reports suggest they may be useful in cases where meloxicam in not appropriate. Corticosteroids are not recommended as they cause side effects and can result in long term health problems such as diabetes. Alternative treatments Acupuncture has been used in other species to treat the chronic pain of OA. This treatment has not been proven in controlled studies but anecdotal reports suggest it could be useful for some cats. It should always be performed by a specially trained veterinary surgeon and not used as a substitute for medication in severe cases. In conclusion OA is common in older cats and is challenging to identify. Diagnosis relies on an observant owner and a veterinary surgeon asking the right questions and using cat friendly practice principles when approaching the examination and management. Medications can be very effective and improve a cat’s quality of life but concurrent geriatric disease should be considered before such drugs are prescribed. The importance of management changes cannot be over-estimated.
Feline Lower Urinary Tract Diseases (FLUTDs) Feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) is an umbrella term for a number of conditions affecting the feline bladder and urethra including Feline Idiopathic Cystitis (FIC), urinary stones and urethral obstruction. Cats with FLUTDs usually exhibit signs of difficulty and pain when urinating and urinate frequently. Blood is often observed in the urine. Affected cats might lick their genitals excessively, and will often urinate outside the litter box. FLUTD is most common in middle-aged, overweight cats who use an indoor litter box, have restricted access outside, and eat a dry food diet. Providing a fresh, clean water supply (cat fountains are excellent for this) will increase water consumption, which helps keep FLUTDs at bay. Although no one knows exactly why, stress seems to be an important factor in the development of Feline Idiopathic Cystitis (FIC). If your cat has had FIC in the past, be vigilant for symptoms during period of stress including household moves and the addition of new household pets. FLUTD can sometimes be life threatening if not treated within 24 hours, so it requires immediate veterinary attention when symptoms are observed. Most cats will experience at least one of these health problems in her lifetime. If your cat is young and in good health, consider pet health insurance. It will provide peace of mind knowing that most of your veterinary expenses will be covered when seeking treatment for these common ailments.
What Is Hyperthyroidism ? Your cat’s thyroid glands regulate the speed at which your cat’s body metabolism works – much like the accelerator on your vehicle regulates the speed of your car. It does this by producing a hormone called thyroxine or T- 4 that regulates the speed of all body processes. When your cat produces too much of it and its metabolic rate sores, it has become hyperthyroid. Hyperthyroidism is the most common hormone abnormality in cats. It is very rare in dogs. It is a disease of older cats. The average age at which it is first diagnosed is 8-13. Nine out of ten cats that develop hyperthyroidism are over ten years old. The thyroid is actually a pair of glands in cats. In humans, it is a united two-lobe gland. They are located on the underside of your cat’s neck along its wind pipe (trachea). Is This A Form of Thyroid Cancer ? It very rarely is. Less than three percent of the cats that develop hyperthyroidism develop malignant thyroid tumors. In over 98%, the cells in the whole gland, or portions of it, are just producing too much thyroid hormone. The scientific name for what is occurring is "functional thyroid adenomatous hyperplasia". In about eight out of ten cats with this problem, both thyroid glands are affected. What Kind Of Cats Develop This Problem ? Hyperthyroidism is typically a disease of older cats. It can occur at an earlier age - but that is quite rare. We think of pampered cats when we think of this disease. But it could well be that pampered cats just get more frequent veterinary examinations. Although we traditionally thought that it affected males and females equally often, it may be considerably more common in female cats (ref) , just as hyperthyroidism in humans is more common in women. (ref) A Bit About Your Cat's Thyroid Gland Your cat has two distinct thyroid glands on either side of its windpipe midway down its neck (see top right image). In humans, it is a single gland with a left and right lobe. This gland is responsible for regulating the speed of all chemical reactions that occur in your pet's body. This is called your pet's basal metabolic rate. They thyroid gland produced a hormone that it sends to every cell in the body through the bloodstream. This hormone is called thyroxine. The more thyroxine the thyroid gland produces, the higher your cat's metabolic rate and the more calories it burns. How Does The Thyroid Work ? When the hormone is first produced by the thyroid, most of it is in a form called T-4 or levo-thyroixine. Before this form can work, it must be converted to T-3 (triiodothyroinine) which is the form that the cat's body cells can recognize. Most of this is done in the liver. (ref) What Signs Would I See If My Cat Is Hyperthyroid? When your cat's thyroid glands are over-producing thyroxine hormone, every organ in its body is affected. The pet's kidneys, liver, muscles, heart, nervous and digestive system are all over-stimulated. This leads to a number of physical changes you can see. Rarely does any one cat show all of the listed signs we associate with hyperthyroidism. The signs that do occur all begin very slowly. As time passes, they gradually become more severe. Weight Loss The most common complaint that takes hyperthyroid cats to the vet is weight loss. These cats remind me of the pink panther - they are lean in the extreme. Perceptive owners notice that although their cats are losing weight, their appetite is normal or increased. This is because the pet's metabolic rate has accelerated and it is using up food calories just as fast as it can consume them. Increased appetite Most hyperthyroid cats are eating more to meet their increased need for calories. You will hear them munching more and complaining when their food dish is empty. However, when they have reached the late stages of this disease, their general health deteriorates to the point that they don't have much appetite. Occasional cats have a form of this disease called apathetic or masked hyperthyroidism in which they appear listless and apathetic (disinterested). Those cats may have less of an appetite than they once had. Many of these are late cases or cats with other coexisting illnesses. Increased activity and restlessness Many hyperthyroid cats are "wired" as if they were taking stimulants. They are overly restless or hyperactive, and they may be more cranky and aggressive. Some have disturbed s sleep patterns. Poor hair coat Many hyperthyroid cats appear unkempt. Some no longer groom themselves the way they used to while others over-groom themselves to the point where their hair coat is thin or ragged. Fast heart rate It is very common for hyperthyroid cats to have an abnormally fast heart beat. Your cat's normal relaxed heart rate at home should be 140 to 200 beats per minute. It will often be faster at the animal hospital due to fear. Many cats with hyperthyroidism have heart rates of over 200 even when they are relaxed at home. Increased drinking and Increased Urination This is also common occurrence in hyperthyroidism. Your cat's increased thirst is due to the increased thyroxine in its system. It's increased urine production is due to its increased water intake. Vomiting We do not know why some cats with hyperthyroidism vomit. It occurs in hyperthyroid humans as well. (ref) Perhaps it is due to the increased amounts of food they eat, or perhaps to the direct effects of their high thyroxine levels on stomach motility and portions of the brain. Diarrhea The increased level of thyroid hormone in hyperthyroid cats causes their intestines to be more active. This is why many of these cats have bulky or loose stools. The odor of your cat's litter box may be considerably worse than it used to be. Panting or Difficulty breathing Cats that are hyperthyroid generate more body heat and may pant as they try to dissipate it. They are more sensitive to heat than they once were. If they get to a point in the disease where their heart is weakened, panting and difficulty breathing is more likely due to problems getting enough oxygen. Weakness and Listlessness In later stages of hyperthyroidism multiple factors often cause cats become debilitated and weak. Muscle tremors, wasting, an anemic meow and generalized weakness can all be symptoms of advanced hyperthyroidism. Supplemental vitamin B-6 has helped somewhat with this problem in humans. (ref) Low Grade Fever The high metabolic rate of hyperthyroid cats sometimes causes them to have a mildly elevated rectal temperature (103 F, 39.4 C). But a rectal temperature of 103 can easily occur during a visit to your veterinarian simply due to the stress of the visit. Lumps and nodules in the neck in the area of the thyroid glands In healthy cats, the lobes of the thyroid gland cannot be felt with one’s fingers when you examine your cats neck. In hyperthyroid cat at least one lobe is often larger than it should be and can be felt. You or your veterinarian may be able to detect this or small, pea-sized nodules, within the glands. Many older cats do have lumps in their thyroid glands but not all of them are hyperthyroid - yet. If your veterinarian detects any mass in the thyroid area, it is prudent to run the T-4 test and a blood calcium level. Some of these masses turn out to be located in the parathyroid glands that are adjacent to the thyroids. The parathyroid glands are involved in regulation of body calcium.
Plants, both indoor and outdoor Toxic to Cats Acocanthera (flowers, fruit) Aconite (also called Monkshood, Wolfsbane - leaves, flowers, roots) Acorns (all parts) Alfalfa (also called Lucerne - foliage) Almond (seeds) Aloe Vera (also called Burn Plant - sap) Alsike Clover (foliage) Amaryllis (also called Naked Lady - bulbs) American Yew (also called Yew - needles, seeds, bark) Amsinckia (also called Tarweed - all above ground, especially seeds) Andromeda Japonica (all parts) Angel's Trumpet (also called Chalice Vine, Datura, Trumpet Vine - all parts, especially seeds) Angel's Wings (also called Elephant Ears - leaves, stems, roots) Antherium (also called Flamingo Lily, Painter's Palette - leaves, stems, roots) Apple (seeds) Apple of Peru (also called Thornapple, Flowering Tolguacha - all parts, especially seeds) Apricot (inner seed) Arrowgrass (foliage) Arrowhead Vine (also called Nepthytis, Tri-Leaf Wonder - leaves, stems, roots) Asian Lily (Liliaceae - all parts) Asparagus Fern (shoots, berries) Australian Nut (all parts) Autumn Crocus (also called Crocus - all parts) Avocado (fruit, pit, leaves) Azalea (all parts) Baneberry (also called Doll's Eyes - foliage, red/white berries, roots) Bayonet Plant (foliage, flowers) Belladonna (all parts, especially black berries) Bird of Paradise (seeds, fruit) Bitter Cherry (seeds) Bitter Nightshade (also called Climbing Nightshade, Bittersweet, European Bittersweet - all parts, especially berries) Bittersweet (also called Bitter Nightshade, Climbing Nightshade, European Bittersweet - all parts, especially berries) Black Locust (leaves, shoots, pods, seeds, inner bark) Black Nightshade (also called Common Nightshade, Nightshade - unripe berries) Bleeding Heart (foliage, roots) Bloodroot (all parts) Blue Flag (also called Flag, Fleur-de-lis, Iris - bulbs) Blue-Green Algae (all parts) Bluebonnet (also called Lupine, Quaker Bonnets - all parts) Boston Ivy (leaves, berries) Bouncing Bet (also called Soapwort - all parts) Boxwood (all parts) Brackenfern; Braken Fern (also called Brake Fern - all parts) Brake Fern (also called Brakenfern, Braken Fern - all parts) Branching Ivy (leaves, berries) Buckeye (also called Ohio Buckey, Horse Chestnut - buds, nuts, leaves, bark, seedlings, honey) Buckthorn (all parts) Buddhist Pine (all parts) Bulbs (all species in the families Amarylliaceae, Iridaceae, Liliaceae - bulbs) Bull Nettle (also called Carolina Nettle, Horse Nettle - all parts) Burn Plant (also called Aloe Vera - sap) Buttercups (also called Crowfoot (new leaves, stems) Caladium (all parts) Caley Pea (all parts) Calfkill (all parts) Calla Lily (all parts) Candelabra Cactus (also called False Cactus - leaves, stem, milky sap) Carolina Horsenettle (also called Bull Nettle, Horse Nettle - all parts) Carolina Jessamine (also called Yellow Jessamine, Yellow Jasmine - all parts) Castor Oil Plant (also called Castor Bean - all parts, especially seeds) Castor Bean (also called Castor Oil Plant - all parts, especially seeds) Ceriman (also called Cut-leaf Philodendron, Fruit Salad Plant, Mexican Breadfruit, Split-leaf Philodendron, Swiss Cheese (leaves, stems, roots) Chalice Vine (also called Angel's Trumpet, Trumpet Vine - all parts) Charming Dieffenbachia (all parts) Cherry (also called Bitter Cherry, Choke Cherry, Pin Cherry, Wild Black Cherry - all parts) Cherry Laurel (foliage, flowers) Chicks (all parts) Chinaberry Tree (berries) Chinese Evergreen (leaves, stems, roots) Chinese Inkberry (also called Jessamine - fruit, sap) Chinese Lantern (leaf, unripe fruit) Choke Cherry (seeds, bark) Christmas Flower (also called Christmas Plant, Easter Flower, Poinsettia - leaves, stem, milky sap) Christmas Plant (also called Christmas Flower, Easter Flower, Poinsettia - leaves, stem, milky sap) Christmas Rose (foliage, flowers) Chrysanthemum (also called Feverfew, Mum - all parts) Cineria (all parts) Clematis (all parts) Climbing Nightshade (also called Bitter Nightshade, Bittersweet, European Bittersweet - all parts) Clover (also called Alsike Clover, Red Clover, White Clover - foliage) Cocklebur (seeds, seedlings, burs) Common Burdock (burs) Common Nightshade (also called Black Nightshade, Nightshade - unripe berries) Common Privet (foliage, berries) Common Tansy (foliage, flowers) Coral Plant (all parts) Cordatum (all parts) Corn Lily (also called False Hellebore, Western False Hellebore - all parts) Corn Plant (also called Cornstalk Plant - all parts) Cornflower (all parts) Cornstalk Plant (also called Corn Plant - all parts) Corydalis (leaves, stems, roots) Cowslip (new leaves, stems) Crab's Eye (also called Jequirity Bean, Precatory Bean, Rosary Pea - beans) Creeping Charlie (all parts) Crocus (also called Autumn Crocus - all parts) Croton (foliage, shoots) Crowfoot (also called Buttercup - new leaves, stems) Crown of Thorns (all parts) Cuban Laurel (all parts) Cuckoo Pint (also called Lords and Ladies - all parts) Cultivated Bleeding Heart (leaves, stems, roots) Cultivated Larkspur (all parts) Cutleaf Philodendron (also called Ceriman, Fruit Salad Plant, Mexican Breadfruit, Split-leaf Philodendron, Swiss Cheese Plant - leaves, stems, roots) Cycads (all parts) Cyclamen (foliage, flowers, stems) Cypress Spurge (foliage, flowers, sap) Daffodil (also called Jonquil, Narcissus - all parts) Daphne (berries, bark, leaves) Datura (all parts) Day Lily (all parts) Deadly Nightshade (also called Belladonna, Black Nightshade, Common Nightshade - foliage, unripe fruit, sprouts) Death Camas (also called Amanita - all parts) Death Cap Mushroom (all parts) Delphinium (all parts) Destroying Angel Mushroom (also called Amanita - all parts) Devil's Backbone (also called Kalanchoe - leaves, stems) Devil's Ivy (also called Golden Pothos, Pothos - all parts) Devil's Trumpet (also called Datura - all parts) Dieffenbachia (also call Dumb Cane - all parts) Dogbane (leaves, stems, roots) Doll's Eyes (also called Baneberry - foliage, red/white berries, roots) Dracaena Palm (foliage) Dragon Tree (foliage) Dumbcane (also called Aroids - leaves, stems, roots) Dutchman's Breeches (also called Staggerweed - leaves, stems, roots) Dwarf Larkspur (also called Larkspur, Poisonweed - all parts) Easter Flower (also called Christmas Flower, Christmas Plant, Poinsettia - leaves, stem, milky sap) Easter Lily (leaves, stems, flowers, bulbs) Eggplant (all parts but fruit) Elaine (all parts) Elderberry (all parts) Elephant Ears (also called Angel's Wings - leaves, stems, roots) Emerald Duke (also called Majesty, Philodendron, Red Princess - all parts) Emerald Feather (also called Emerald Fern - all parts) Emerald Fern (also called Emerald Feather - all parts) English Ivy (leaves, berries) English Yew (also called Yew - needles, seeds, bark) Ergot (fungus on seed heads of grains and grasses) Eucalyptus (all parts) Euphorbia (foliage, flowers, sap) European Bittersweet (also called Bitter Nightshade, Bittersweet, Climbing Nightshade - all parts) Everlasting Pea (all parts) False Cactus (also called Candelabra Cactus - leaves, stem, milky sap) False Hellbore (also called Corn Lily, Western False Hellebore - all parts) Feverfew (also called Chrysanthemum, Mum - leaves, stalks) Ficus (sap, peel) Fiddle-leaf Fig (all parts) Fiddle-Leaf Philodendron (all parts) Fiddleneck (also called Tarweed - all parts above ground) Flag (also called Blue Flag, Fleur-de-lis, Iris - bulbs) Flamingo Plant (all parts) Flax (foliage) Fleur-de-lis (also called Blue Flag, Flag, Iris - bulbs) Florida Beauty (all parts) Fly Agaric (also called Amanita - all parts) Four O'Clock (all parts) Foxglove (leaves, stems, flowers, seeds) Foxtail Barley (also called Squirreltail Barley, Wild Barley - seedheads) Fruit Salad Plant (also called Ceriman, Cut-leaf Philodendron, Mexican Breadfruit, Split-leaf Philodendron, Swiss Cheese Plant - leaves, stems, roots) Gelsemium (foliage, flowers, berries, sap) Geranium (all parts) German Ivy (all parts above ground) Ghost Weed (also called Snow on the Mountain - leaves, stem, milky sap) Giant Dumbcane (also called Dieffenbachia - all parts) Gill-Over-The-Ground (all parts) Glacier Ivy (leaves, berries) Gladiola (bulbs) Glory Lily (all parts) Gold Dieffenbachia (all parts) Gold Dust Dracaena (foliage) Golden Chain (also called Laburnum - flowers, seeds) Golden Pothos (also called Devil's Ivy, Pothos - all parts) Grapes (all parts; also see Raisins) Green Dragon (also called Jack-in-the-Pulpit, Indian Turnip - leaves, stems, roots) Green False Hellebore (also called Indian Poke, White Hellebore - all parts) Green Gold Nephthysis (all parts) Ground Ivy (all parts) Groundsel (also called Ragwort, Tansy Ragwort - all parts above ground) Hahn's Self-branching English Ivy (leaves, berries) Heartleaf (also called Parlor Ivy, Philodendron - all parts) Heartland Philodendron (also called Philodendron - all parts) Heavenly Bamboo (all parts) Hellebore (foliage, flowers) Hemlock (also called Poison Hemlock - all parts) Henbane (seeds) Hens-and-Chicks (all parts) Holly (berries) Horse Nettle (also called Bull Nettle, Carolina Horsenettle - all parts) Horse Chestnut (also called Buckeye, Ohio Buckeye - buds, nuts, leaves, bark, seedlings, honey) Horsebrush (foliage) Horsehead Philodendron (all parts) Horsetail (also called Scouringrush - all parts) Hurricane Plant (bulbs) Hyacinth (bulbs, leaves, flowers) Hydrangea (all parts) Impatiens (also called Touch-me-not - all parts) Indian Poke (also called Green False Hellebore, White Hellebore - all parts) Indian Rubber Plant (all parts) Indian Turnip (also called Green Dragon, Jack-in-the-Pulpit - leaves, stems, roots) Inkberry (also called Pokeweed - all parts) Iris (also called Blue Flag, Flag, Fleur-de-lis - bulbs) Ivies (all species - leaves, berries) Jack-in-the-Pulpit (also called Green Dragon, Indian Turnip - leaves, stems, roots) Jamestown Weed (also called Jimsonweed - all parts) Janet Craig Dracaena (foliage) Japanese Show Lily (all parts) Japanese Yew (also called Yew - needles, seeds, bark) Jasmine (foliage, flowers, sap) Jatropha (seeds, sap) Java Bean (also called Lima Bean - uncooked beans) Jequirity Bean (also called Crab's Eye, Precatory Bean, Rosary Pea - beans) Jerusalem Cherry (all parts) Jessamine (also called Chinese Inkberry - fruit, sap) Jimson Weed (also called Jamestown Weed - all parts) Johnson Grass (leaves, stems) Jonquil (also called Daffodil, Narcissus - all parts) Juniper (needles, stems, berries) Kalanchoe (also called Devil's Backbone - leaves, stems) Klamath Weed (also called St. Johnswort - all parts) Laburnum (also called Golden Chain - flowers, seeds) Lace Fern (all parts) Lacy Tree Philodendron (all parts) Lambkill (also called Sheep Laurel - all parts) Lantana (also called Lantana Camara, Red Sage, West Indian Lantana, Yellow Sage - foliage, flowers, berries) Lantana Camara (also called Red Sage, Yellow Sage - foliage, flowers, berries) Larkspur (all parts) Laurel (all parts) Lilies (all species - all parts) Lily-of-the-Valley (all parts) Lima Bean (also called Java Bean - uncooked beans) Locoweed (all parts) Lords and Ladies (also called Cuckoo Pint - all parts) Lucerne (also called Alfalfa - foliage) Lupine (also called Bluebonnet, Quaker Bonnets - all parts) Macadamia Nut (all parts) Madagascar Dragon Tree (foliage) Majesty (also called Emerald Duke, Philodendron, Red Princess - all parts) Mandrake (also called Mayapple - all but ripe fruit) Marble Queen (all parts) Marigold (also called Marsh Marigold - new leaves, stems) Marsh Marigold (also called Marigold - new leaves, stems) Mauna Loa Peace Lily (also called Peace Lily - all parts) Mayapple (also called Mandrake - all but ripe fruit) Mescal Bean (also called Texas Mountain Laurel - all parts) Mexican Breadfruit (also called Ceriman, Cut-leaf Philodendron, Fruit Salad Plant, Split-leaf Philodendron, Swiss Cheese Plant - leaves, stems, roots) Mexican Poppy (also called Prickly Poppy - all parts) Milk Bush (also called Euphorbia, Tinsel Tree - all parts) Milkweed (leaves, stems, roots) Milo (foliage) Miniature Croton (foliage, shoots) Mistletoe (all parts) Mock Orange (fruit) Monkshood (also called Aconite, Wolfsbane - leaves, flowers, roots) Moonseed (berries) Morning Glory (all parts) Mother-in-Law Tongue (also calledSnake Plant - foliage) Mountain Laurel (also called Lambkill, Sheep Laurel - all parts) Mushrooms (also called Amanita, Death Cap, Destroying Angel, Fly Agaric, Panther Cap, Spring Amanita - all parts) Nap-at-Noon (also called Snowdrop, Star of Bethlehem - all parts) Narcissus (all parts) Needlepoint Ivy (leaves, berries) Nephthytis (also called Arrowhead Vine, Tri-Leaf Wonder - leaves, stems, roots) Nightshade (also called Black Nightshade, Common Nightshade, Deadly Nightshade - berries) Nutmeg (nut) Oaks (buds, young shoots, sprouts, acorns) Oleander (all parts) Onion (all parts) Orange Day Lily (all parts) Panda (all parts) Panther Cap Mushroom (also called Amanita - all parts) Parlor Ivy (also called Heartleaf, Philodendron- all parts) Peace Lily (also called Mauna Loa Peace Lily - all parts) Peach (pits, wilting leaves) Pennyroyal (foliage, flowers) Peony (foliage, flowers) Periwinkle (all parts) Peyote (also called Mescal - buttons) Philodendron (also called Heartland Philodendron - leaves, stems, roots) Pie Plant (also called Rhubarb - leaves, uncooked stems) Pimpernel (foliage, flowers, fruit) Pin Cherry (seeds) Pinks (all parts) Plumosa Fern (all parts) Poinsettia (also called Christmas Flower, Christmas Plant, Easter Flower - leaves, stem, milky sap) Poison Hemlock (also called Hemlock - all parts) Poison Ivy (all parts) Poison Oak (all parts) Poison Weed (also called Dwarf Lakspur, Larkspur, Delphinium - all parts) Pokeweed (also called Inkberry - all parts) Poppy (all parts) Potato (sprouts, vines, unripe tubers) Pothos (also called Devil's Ivy, Golden Pothos - all parts) Precatory Bean (also called Crab's Eye, Jequirity Bean, Rosary Pea - beans) Prickly Poppy (also called Mexican Poppy - all parts) Primrose (all parts) Privet (also called Common Privet - foliage, berries) Quaker Bonnets (also called Lupine, Blue Bonnet - all parts) Queensland Nut (all parts) Ragwort (also called Groundsel, Tansy Ragwort - all parts above ground) Raisins (also see Grapes) Red Clover (foliage) Red Emerald (all parts) Red Lily (all parts) Red Margined Dracaena (also called Straight Margined Dracaena - all parts) Red Maple (leaves) Red Princess (also called Emerald Duke, Majesty, Philodendron - all parts) Red Sage (foliage, flowers, berries) Red-Margined Dracaena (foliage) Rhododendron (also called Azalea - all parts) Rhubarb (also called Pie Plant - leaves, uncooked stems) Ribbon Plant (foliage) Richweed (also called White Snakeroot, White Sanicle - leaves, flowers, stems, roots) Rosary Pea (also called Crab's Eye, Jequirity Bean, Precatory Bean - beans) Rosemary (foliage) Rubrum Lily (all parts) Saddle Leaf (also called Philodendron - all parts) Sago Palm (all parts) Satin Pothos (all parts) Schefflera (also called Philodendron - all parts) Scotch Broom (all parts) Scouringrush (also called Horsetail - all parts) Senecio (all parts above ground) Sensitive Fern (all parts) Sheep Laurel (also called Lambkill - all parts) Silver Queen (also called Chinese Evergreen - leaves, stems, roots) Singletary Pea (all parts) Skunk Cabbage (leaves, stems, roots) Snake Plant (also called Mother-in-law's Tongue - all parts) Snapdragon (foliage, flowers) Snow on the Mountain (also called Ghost Weed - leaves, stem, milky sap) Snowdrop (also called Nap-at-Noon, Star of Bethlehem - all parts) Soapwort (also called Bouncing Bet - all parts) Sorghum (foliage) Spathiphyllum (also called Peace Lily - leaves, stems, flowers, bulbs) Split-leaf Philodendron (also called Ceriman, Cut-leaf Philodendron, Fruit Salad Plant, Mexican Breadfruit, Swiss Cheese Plant - leaves, stems, roots) Spotted Cowbane (also called Water Hemlock, Spotted Water Hemlock - all parts) Spotted Dumb Cane (also called Dieffenbachia - all parts) Spotted Water Hemlock (also called Spotted Cowbane, Water Hemlock - all parts) Spring Amanita (also called Amanita - all parts) Spurges (also called Euphorbia, Milk Bush, Tinsel Tree - all parts) Squirrelcorn (leaves, stems, roots) Squirreltail Barley (also called Foxtail Barley, Wild Barley - seedheads) St. Johnswort (also called Klamath Weed - all parts) Staggerweed (also called Bleeding Heart, Dutchman's Breeches - leaves, stems, roots Star Jasmine (foliage, flowers) Star of Bethlehem (also called Snowdrop, Nap-at-Noon - all parts) Stargazer Lily (all parts) Stinging Nettle (also called Wood Nettle - leaves, stems) String of Pearls (all parts above ground) Straight Margined Dracaena (also called Red Margined Dracaena - all parts) Striped Dracaena (foliage) Sudan Grass (all parts) Sweet Cherry (seeds) Sweet Pea (all parts) Sweetheart Ivy (leaves, berries) Swiss Cheese Plant (also called Ceriman, Cut-leaf Philodendron, Fruit Salad Plant, Mexican Breadfruit, Split-leaf Philodendron - leaves, stems, roots) Syngonium (all parts) Tangier Pea (all parts) Tansy Ragwort (also called Grounsel, Ragwort - all parts above ground) Taro Vine (leaves, stems, roots) Tarweed (also called Amsinckia - all parts above ground) Texas Mountain Laurel (also called Mescal Bean - all parts) Thornapple (also called Apple of Peru, Flowering Tolguacha - all parts) Tiger Lily (leaves, stems, flowers, bulbs) Tinsel Tree (also called Euphorbia, Milk Bush - all parts) Tobacco (leaves) Tolguacha - flowering (also called Apple of Peru, Thornapple - all parts) Tomato (foliage, vines, green fruit) Touch-me-not (also called Impatiens - all parts) Tree Philodendron (leaves, stems, roots) Tri-Leaf Wonder (also called Arrowhead Vine, Nepthytis - leaves, stems, roots) Trillium (foliage) Tropic Snow Dieffenbachia (also called Dieffenbachia - all parts) Trumpet Lily (all parts) Trumpet Vine (also called Angel's Trumpet, Chalice Vine - all parts) Tulip (bulbs) Tung Oil Tree (all parts) Umbrella Plant (all parts) Variable Dieffenbachia (all parts) Variegated Philodendron (all parts) Variegated Wandering Jew (leaves) Velvet Lupine (all parts) Venus Flytrap (all parts) Verbena (foliage, flowers) Vinca Vine (all parts) Virginia Creeper (sap) Walnuts (hulls) Wandering Jew (leaves) Warneckei Dracaena (all parts) Water Hemlock (also called Spotted Cowbane, Spotted Water Hemlock - all parts) West Indian Lantana (foliage, flowers, berries) White Clover (foliage) White Hellebore (also called Green False Hellebore, Indian Poke - all parts) White Sanicle (also called White Snakeroot, Richweed - leaves, flowers, stems, roots) White Snakeroot (also called White Sanicle, Richweed - leaves, flowers, stems, roots) Wild Barley (also called Foxtail Barley, Squirreltail Barley - seedheads) Wild Black Cherry (seeds) Wild Bleeding Heart (leaves, stems, roots) Wisteria (also called Chinese Wisteria, Japanese Wisteria - seeds, pods) Wolfsbane (also called Aconite, Monkshood - leaves, flowers, roots) Wood Lily (all parts) Wood Nettle (leaves, stems) Yellow Jasmine (also called Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine - all parts) Yellow Oleander (also called Yellow Be-Still Tree - all parts) Yellow Sage (foliage, flowers, berries) Yellow Star Thistle (foliage, flowers) Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow (all parts) Yews (needles, seeds, bark) Yucca (all parts)