Visakhapatnam is the largest city and "Financial Capital" of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The city is the administrative headquarters of Visakhapatnam district and Eastern Naval Command. Its geographical location is amidst Eastern Ghats mountain range and the coast of Bay of Bengal. It is the most populous city in the state with a population of 2,035,922 making it 14th largest city in the country. It is also the 9th most populous metropolitan area in India with a population of 53,40,000. The economy of the city is the tenth largest in the country, with a GDP of $43.5 billion.Visakhapatnam's history stretches back to the 6th century BCE, when it was considered a part of the Kalinga Kingdom, and later ruled by the Vengi, the Pallava and Eastern Ganga dynasties. Archaeological records suggest that the present city was built around the 11th and 12th centuries with control over the city fluctuating between the Chola Dynasty and the Gajapati Kingdom, until its conquest by the Vijayanagara Empire in the 15th century. Conquered by the Mughals in the 16th century, European powers eventually set up trading interests in the city, and by the end of the 18th century it had come under French rule. Control passed to the British in 1804 and it remained under British colonial rule until Indian independence in 1947.